Addiction Terms Glossary Definitions Of Addiction Treatment Terminology

An individual’s tolerance for one drug results in their lessened response to another, typically in the same class of substances (e.g., alcohol, benzodiazepines), but may be observed across different classes of substances as well (e.g., alcohol, opioids). Performing an act persistently and repetitively even in the absence of reward or pleasure. Compulsive behavior is often enacted to avoid or reduce the unpleasant experience of negative emotion or physical symptoms (e.g., anxiety, withdrawal from a substance).

Disease Model

There is typically a greater sensitivity to stress and lowered sensitivity to reward that makes continued recovery challenging. As part of a larger treatment plan, peer providers offer valuable guidance and connection to individuals in recovery through the process of sharing their own experiences in recovery from substance use disorder. An injection of a medication that is intended to gradually disperse its therapeutic contents into the human body over a number of weeks. In the case of substance use disorders (e.g., opioid or alcohol use disorder), this can reduce problems with medication adherence as medications are more typically taken on a daily schedule and orally. Consequently, depot injections (e.g., naltrexone or buprenorphine) can extend the therapeutic potential of medications where compliance is a concern.

Behavioral Disorder Counselor

Proposed by Richard Jessor in 1991, Problem Behavior Theory is a conceptual framework that examines factors leading to adolescent substance use. The theory proposes that behavior is tied to goals, and adolescent substance use results when a teen holds goals and values that are unconventional or do not align with typical social values of society. A contradictory scenario whereby the majority of cases of substance-related harm come from a population at low or moderate risk of addiction, while only a minority of cases come from the population who are at high risk of substance-related harm. Confirmation of coverage by the insurance company for a service or product before receiving the service or product from the medical provider.

  • The duration of detox varies from person to person and depends on various factors such as the type of substance used, the length and severity of addiction, and individual factors.
  • The intimidation of a victim to compel the individual to act against his or her will by the use of psychological pressure, physical force, or threats.
  • A behavioral health disorder characterized by over-dependence on the thrill received from an activity such as shopping, gambling, eating, or sex.
  • The highest risk for recurrence of substance use disorder symptoms occurs during the first 90 days following the initial intervention.
  • Confirmation of coverage by the insurance company for a service or product before receiving the service or product from the medical provider.

Prescription opioid use disorder

Each role plays a unique part in the multifaceted approach to addiction treatment and recovery. Professionals entering the field of addiction studies and counseling must meet comprehensive academic and training standards, which vary significantly depending on the specific certification or licensure pursued. For many credentials, such as the master addiction counselor (MAC) or the nicotine dependence specialist (NDS), a bachelor’s or master’s degree in a relevant field is typically necessary. These programs must include specific coursework related to substance use disorders, ethics, and often training on HIV and other pathogens​. In the field of addiction services, various roles and responsibilities cater to the multifaceted needs of individuals seeking recovery. One crucial role is that of the case manager or care coordinator, who helps engage clients with necessary clinical and community services.